Health Crisis in Africa
HIV & AIDS and OTHER CHRONIC DISEASES.
On almost all measures – from the rates of child and maternal mortality, malnutrition, HIV & AIDS and deaths by preventable diseases, to the availability of clinics and medical personnel – Sub-Saharan Africa presents the world’s most serious health problems but has the fewest resources to solve them.
Without access to medicines, Africans are susceptible to the three big killer diseases on the continent: malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Globally, 50% of children under five who die of pneumonia, diarrhoea, measles, HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are in Africa, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). The organisation defines having access to medicine as having medicines continuously available and affordable at health facilities that are within one hour’s walk of the population.
About 80% of Africans, mostly those in the middle-income bracket and below, rely on public health facilities, reported the World Bank in 2013. With public health facilities suffering chronic shortages of critical drugs, many patients die of easily curable diseases.
Several factors inhibit access to medicines, but the major ones, according to the WHO, are the shortage of resources and the lack of skilled personnel.
Hospitals Built in 2020
Communities in Program
Drugs in Quantity Delivered
WHAT WE ARE DOING
HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
Malaria prevention and treatment
Tuberculosis (TB) control and treatment
Malaria still a big threat in Africa,
More than 90% of the estimated 300–500 million malaria cases that occur worldwide every year are in Africans, mainly in children under five years of age, but most countries are moving towards better treatment policies. Of the 42 malaria-endemic countries in the African Region, 33 have adopted artemisinin-based combination therapy—the most effective antimalarial medicines available today—as first-line treatment.